Sociology – Paper 1 – Reading Materials – Recommendations

 

Irrespective of your educational background – whether you’ve done your graduation in science, arts or commerce – and your life’s circumstances, please read these books (or study materials) extensively.

  • Introducing Sociology (NCERT Class- XI)
  • Understanding Society (NCERT Class -XI)
  • What Is Sociology? – Alex Inkeles
  • Contemporary Sociology – M. Francis Abraham
  • IGNOU BA – ESO 13 & 14
  • IGNOU MA – MSO 002

1. Sociology – The Discipline

Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of sociology.

Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.

Sociology and common sense.

  • What Is Sociology? – Alex Inkeles (Chapters 1 and 2)
  • Sociology – T B Bottomore (Chapters 1 and 4)
  • Sociology – Harry M. Johnson
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 1)
  • Sociology – Haralambos and Holborn (Introduction)
  • Sociological Theory – George Ritzer (Chapter 1)
  • Sociological Thought – Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

2. Sociology as Science:

Science, scientific method and critique.

Major theoretical strands of research methodology.

Positivism and its critique.

Fact value and objectivity.

Non- positivist methodologies.

  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 1 and 2)
  • What Is Sociology? – Alex Inkeles (Chapters 3 and 7)
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

3. Research Methods and Analysis:

Qualitative and quantitative methods.

Techniques of data collection.

Variables, sampling, hypothesis, reliability and validity.

  • Research Methodology – C R Kothari 
  • Methodology and Techniques of Social Research – Bhandarkar and Wilkinson 
  • Methods in Social Research – William J. Goode and Paul K. Hatt 
  • Scientific Social Surveys and Research – Pauline V. Young 
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter – 14)

4. Sociological Thinkers:

Karl Marx – Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.

Emile Durkheim – Division of labour, social fact, suicide, religion and society.

Max Weber – Social action, ideal types, authority, bureaucracy, protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism.

Talcott Parsons – Social system, pattern variables.

Robert K. Merton – Latent and manifest functions, conformity and deviance, reference groups.

Mead – Self and identity.

  • Sociological Theory – George Ritzer (Chapters 2, 3, 4, 7 and 10)
  • Modern Sociological Theory – M. Francis Abraham
  • Contemporary Sociology – M. Francis Abraham  
  • Sociological Thought –  Francis Abraham and John Henry Morgan
  • Masters of Sociological Thought – Lewis A. Coser 
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 3)
  • Sociology – Haralambos and Holborn (Chapter 15)
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

5. Stratification and Mobility:

Concepts – equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.

Theories of social stratification – Structural functionalist theory, Marxist theory, Weberian theory.

Dimensions – Social stratification of class, status groups, gender, ethnicity and race.

Social mobility – open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and causes of mobility.

  • What Is Sociology? – Alex Inkeles (Chapter 6)
  • Social Stratification – Melvin Tumin
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 12)
  • Sociology – Haralambos and Holborn (Chapter 1)

6. Works and Economic Life:

Social organization of work in different types of society – slave society, feudal society, industrial /capitalist society.

Formal and informal organization of work.

Labour and society.

  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter – 7)
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

7. Politics and Society:

Sociological theories of power.

Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups, and political parties.

Nation, state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.

Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.

  • Sociology – T B Bottomore (Chapter 9)
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 9) 
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

8. Religion and Society:

Sociological theories of religion.

Types of religious practices: animism, monism, pluralism, sects, cults.

Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism, fundamentalism.

  • Sociology – T B Bottomore (Chapters 13)
  • Sociology of Religion – Thomas F. O’Dea
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 17)

9. Systems of Kinship:

Family, household, marriage.

Types and forms of family.

Lineage and descent.

Patriarchy and sexual division of labour.

Contemporary trends.

  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapters 10 and 15)
  • The Family – W. Goode 
  • Sociology – T B Bottomore (Chapter 10)
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

10. Social Change in Modern Society:

Sociological theories of social change.

Development and dependency.

Agents of social change.

Education and social change.

Science, technology and social change.

  • Sociology – T B Bottomore (Chapters 15, 16,  17)
  • Social Change – Wilbert E Moore 
  • Sociology – Anthony Giddens (Chapter 4)
  • IGNOU – BA – Sociology – Study Materials (Relevant Units)

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