Sociology – Paper 2 – Reading Materials – Recommendations

Sociology – Paper 2 – Reading Materials – Recommendations

This page is under construction. I’ll take some time to give a detailed recommendation as to what you should read and what you should ignore in every book given bellow. I intend to give unit-wise and sub-unit-wise reading lists.

Sociology – Paper II – Recommendation – Reading Materials

Read the Economically and Political Weekly online for free every week. It’s current issues stay free on its website for a week. So, you don’t have to buy it.

Read the Seminar online.It’s free and extremely helpful for your preparation.

Both the EPW and the Seminar are ideologically left-of-the-centre. I’ll tell you how to tackle this issue.

Ram Ahuja’s books are necessary, but absolutely not sufficient.

Irrespective of your educational background – whether you’ve done your graduation in science, arts or commerce – and your life’s circumstances, you please read these books (or study materials) and look for the portions that are relevant to the UPSC syllabus. Please find time to spend a lot of time with last 10 (or 15) years’ questions. That will help you understand how the questions are framed.

IGNOU – MSO 004, MSO 14, ESO 14 & ESO 16

NCERT Sociology Textbooks for 11th and 12th

Modernization of Indian Tradition – Yogendra  Singh

Handbook of Indian Sociology – Veena Das

Interrogating Caste – Dipankar Gupta

Caste in Question: Identity or Hierarchy – Dipankar Gupta

Political Sociology in India – Dipankar Gupta

Caste: Its Twentieth Century Avatar – M. N. Srinivas

Caste in Modern India and Other Essays – M. N. Srinivas

Understanding Caste: From Buddha To Ambedkar And Beyond – Gail Omvedt

Social Change in Modern India – M. N. Srinivas

Social Stratification – Dipankar Gupta (Editor)

Society In India: Concepts, Theories and Recent Trends – Ram Ahuja

Social Problems In India – Ram Ahuja

Contemporary India – Neera Chandhoke and Praveen Priyadarshi

Social Stratification and Change in India –  Yogendra Singh

Culture Change in India: Identity and Globalization – Yogendra Singh

Social Change in India: Crisis and Resilience – Yogendra Singh

Contemporary India – Satish Deshpande

Yojana (Independence Day Special 2001 – on population)


You need to read a few chapters from the following books. I’ll update this list later.

Buddhism in India : Challenging Brahmanism and Caste – Gail Omvedt

Reinventing Revolution: New Social Movements in India – Gail Omvedt

Population Concerns in India – K Srinivasan



This is the syllabus. I intend to give unit-wise and sub-unit-wise reading lists.


A. Introducing Indian Society:


(i) Perspectives on the study of Indian society:

Indology (GS. Ghurye).

Structural functionalism (M N Srinivas).

Marxist sociology (A R Desai).


(ii) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society :

Social background of Indian nationalism.

Modernization of Indian tradition.

Protests and movements during the colonial period.

Social reforms.

B. Social Structure:

(i) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:

The idea of Indian village and village studies.

Agrarian social structure – evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.

(ii) Caste System:

Perspectives on the study of caste systems: GS Ghurye, M N Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.

Features of caste system.

Untouchability – forms and perspectives.

(iii) Tribal communities in India:

Definitional problems.

Geographical spread.

Colonial policies and tribes.

Issues of integration and autonomy.

(iv) Social Classes in India:

Agrarian class structure.

Industrial class structure.

Middle classes in India.


(v) Systems of Kinship in India:

Lineage and descent in India.

Types of kinship systems.

Family and marriage in India.

Household dimensions of the family.

(vi) Religion and Society:

Religious communities in India.

Problems of religious minorities.

Patriarchy, entitlements and sexual division of labour.


C. Social Changes in India:


(i) Visions of Social Change in India:

Idea of development planning and mixed economy.

Constitution, law and social change.

Education and social change.


(ii) Rural and Agrarian transformation in India:

Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.

Green revolution and social change.

Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.

Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.


(iii) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:

Evolution of modern industry in India.

Growth of urban settlements in India.

Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.

Informal sector, child labour.

Slums and deprivation in urban areas.


(iv) Politics and Society:

Nation, democracy and citizenship.

Political parties, pressure groups , social and political elite.

Regionalism and decentralization of power.



(v) Social Movements in Modern India:

Peasants and farmers movements.

Women’s movement.

Backward classes & Dalit movement.

Environmental movements.

Ethnicity and Identity movements.


(vi) Population Dynamics: Population size, growth, composition and distribution. Components of population growth: birth, death, migration. Population policy and family planning. Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.


(vii) Challenges of Social Transformation:

Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.

Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.

Violence against women.

Caste conflicts.

Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.

Illiteracy and disparities in education.




(Visited 316 times, 1 visits today)

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *